Indoor air quality is kind of what it sounds like—it’s a measure referring to the air quality inside homes and buildings. In most cases, what we’re worried about is low indoor air quality, which is caused by the presence of indoor pollutants. We’re commonly taught that outdoor pollutants are the thing that cause the most harm, but indoor pollutants can actually be several times worse. In this post, we’ll go over what these pollutants are and how they can be prevented.
When gone untreated, poor indoor air quality can become a health risk. The real questions you want to ask are, “What are these indoor pollutants?” and “How do we remove them from my home or building?”
What Types of Indoor Air Pollutants Are There?
Indoor air pollutants is a broad term referring to any contaminants that can create a health risk. The short-term symptoms can include eye, nose, and throat irritation, headaches, and fatigue. These short-term symptoms will quickly go away when the contaminants are removed or the person is removed from the building. Longer-term exposure to certain contaminants can eventually cause respiratory or heart diseases and even cancer in extreme cases.
A few kinds of indoor air pollutants include:
- Dust and Dirt: The average home is said to collect up to 40 lbs of dust yearly. Neglecting to change the air filter in your HVAC system or to clean the air ducts can encourage the spread of dust and dirt.
- Biological: Mold spores, dust mites, and viruses make up the bulk of biological indoor air pollutants. They can be eliminated with UV air purifiers.
- Chemical: Chemicals found in furniture, plastics, aerosol sprays, and cleaning supplies can contribute to poor indoor air quality. Good ventilation is required in areas storing these chemicals or in commercial settings that use these chemicals on a daily basis.
How Do We Lower the Number of Indoor Air Pollutants?
Since HVAC contractors in Panama City, FL deal in the business of indoor air, they’re often equipped with the products and expertise to help improve indoor air quality for both residential and commercial settings. However, the methods to control the air quality in both settings may differ based on many factors.
Humidity Control: Humidity that’s too high or too low can damage furniture and create health risks for family and employees alike. Often, the general climate of the area can help determine if you’ll need humidity control.
Air Filters and Purifiers: If you or your family members are prone to allergies and asthma, poor indoor air quality will only exacerbate their symptoms. Air filters and purifiers will work to passively or actively remove contaminants from the air.
Heat and Energy Recovery Ventilators: You can’t run your heater or air conditioner while letting new, fresh air in at the same time—not without wasting energy. Recovery ventilators exist to introduce fresh air into your home while being cost-efficient.